One thing I like about these pictures — especially the huge close-ups — is that you can see the white circles of the air valves behind the metal grille. When a button is pressed, it lifts one of these valve pads, allowing air to flow to the two reeds in that chamber. A pair of one-way valves — simple flaps — within the chamber allows only one reed to sound at a time, depending on which direction air is flowing — thus permitting each button to play two notes. Or one, if the two reeds are turned to the same note. Button, Button, Who’s Got the Button? The next question that many folks, including other concertina players, are likely to ask is “So what do all those buttons do, anyway? Apologies for the blurred text — that’s a result of the “viciously agressive” image compression I’m using to try to keep this page down to a tolerable size. Once again, let’s start with the left hand.
Dating lachenal english concertina
I wrote this update in early I’ve completely failed to produce any further update since, but concertina history has moved on quickly, with other contributors like Randy Merris, Stephen Chambers, Dan Worral, Chris Flint, Geoff Crabb and many more producing in-depth articles on the subject. This update remains here for historical reasons, but is also a reminder on how little we knew and how little was available only a short time ago.
However, when it comes to concertinas it’s not usually possible to find an accurate date. There are very few makers’ records except for Wheatstone. Most, if not.
A woman’s smock, , British; Linen embroidered with red silk in a design of strapwork and flowers. Museum Number T. Free delivery for many products! Alistair Anderson, The great concertina player – I learned to play from his book which came with a vinyl record sewn into the binding. English Concertina. Charles Wheatstone: first inventor of 3D stereoscopic st birthday Sir Charles Wheatstone FRS 6 February — 19 October , was an English scientist and inventor of many scientific breakthroughs of the Victorian era, including the English concertina, the stereoscope a device for displaying three-dimensional , and the Playfair cipher an encryption technique.
Playing a C scale Setter Love.
This last instrument has an early repair inscription inside it:. Wheatstone was supplied to Mrs. Sidney Pratten guitarist, concertina, and, lachenal of Giulio Regondi, and wife of the flautist R.
By this time Wheatstone’s serial numbers had reached as high as the s series, though the ledgers are in date-of-sale order, and the.
This note describes some information recently re-discovered about the production of Wheatstone Anglo concertinas with serial numbers above During these 37 years Wheatstone manufactured about 2, Englishes and Duets, with serial numbers from about through , and some 9, Anglos, with serial numbers from through A number of other people have contributed insights and information.
Not everything can be explained, and there may well be misunderstandings and mistakes in what I have written here and I have made them all myself, since no one else has yet had a chance to review the text. The generally-accepted story about Wheatstone concertina production has been that Wheatstone made concertinas English, Anglo, and Duet from serial beginning about , ending with or so in the mids.
In Steve Dickinson resurrected the company and re-started production with concertinas beginning at I have also seen the theory that in the s some concertinas were assigned serial numbers based on two digits of the year of manufacture–so that ” ” would be the 73rd concertina made in , for example. I have told parts of this story myself, and even circulated a table that I calculated, based on ledgers available at the Horniman Museum, showing the dramatic decline in concertina production after the s:.
These ledgers begin in mid, at concertina
Curator’s Choice: Margaret Birley of the Horniman Museum chooses a Wheatstone concertina
In a competitive concertina-manufacturing and selling environment, the Lachenal company produced a range of very fine instruments, including many “student” models. Anglo Lachenals are, as far as I know, all considered “student” grade. They’re good instruments with “real” steel or brass concertina reeds and construction, but the action and sound won’t be as nice or as consistent as some other makes mentioned below.
Wheatstone & Co. concertina factory dating from to They were saved from destruction by Henry Minting, one of the managers of the company. More.
By johnconstable , April 24, in Concertina History. Hi everyone. I’m trying to date my lachenal but I can’t find the database of lachenal numbers anywhere. Please could someone point me in the right direction? I’d love to learn more about my instrument so any other elevant resources dating spring to mind would be great!
All else the same, I simple would have estimated the the of manufacture as based on the serial number of No. And maybe that is a good estimate. Dating all is not the same:. The first English-system Lachenal in my database having over entries is No.
Some Notes on Lachenal Concertina Production and Serial Numbers
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In the early s, my father bought a Wheatstone concertina in London. the Concertina Library has articles dating back to February of
I recently discovered, Aug. Then I was was able to solve this identification problem with the help of photographs that I found on Paul Hardy’s George Case Concertina website. The giveaway was the pattern of the tracery on the end plate, it is very similar to mine. I haven’t quite worked out the full origin. I know it’s number is , c. The leather went green with mould, the wood warped, the screws stripped their thread, and the veneer flaked off etc. So it lay untouched until April when I restored it.
The left end was tricky. It was made up of an ebony veneer on two layers of ebony. These three layers were separating badly. I had to replace one of those structural ebony layers with aluminium. It was like doing a three dimensional jig-saw puzzle. I hope you find these photographs as useful as I found Paul Hardy’s. I will almost certainly continue to restore the concertina even though it is acceptably playable, and hope to add some more and better pictures in due course.
Appendix 1: Wheatstone and Lachenal Dates of Manufacture
The Met Fifth Ave opens August The Met Cloisters opens September Your health is our top priority. Charles Wheatstone. Wheatstone designed this instrument between and to play duets and accompany melodies.
Concertinas for Sale All instruments An earlier Wheatstone with steel reeds, new 6-fold bellows, sweet sound, very quick, very pretty. £1, 36 key plus whistle and squeak dating from , 6 inches across. Loud and.
This Charles Jeffries never knew a thing, never been taught anything— most extraordinary, as he turned out an instrument that no other maker could equal. He used the hardest steel there was, very solid. As far as we know, Charles Jeffries had no technical training and was never employed by any of the previously established concertina makers; 2 yet he somehow managed to produce concertinas that are widely regarded as among the best ever made.
Jefferys, Parade Street, Paddington, W. Today, the instruments made by Charles Jeffries command some of the greatest interest and highest prices of any vintage concertinas. Serial numbers would be most valuable for approximating the date of manufacture of the individual instruments and for estimating the total production of Jeffries concertinas. Numbers abound inside the Jeffries concertinas. However, these consist of one, two, or three digits that are either handwritten pencil or ink or stamped on the reed pan, underside of the action board, or upper inside edge of the bellows or that are etched into the underside of the metal fretwork see Appendix 1.
We have been unable to determine if a particular number is a model number, batch number for a production run, or a number that was the handiwork of an owner or repairer of the instrument. The only way to obtain an approximate date for a Jeffries instrument is from its features; there are five periods of Jeffries-family-made instruments, dating approximately from to , although there are overlaps between these periods. In the absence of any business records, broad characteristics of Jeffries production are thought to be as follows:.
Charles Jeffries began his working life as a brushmaker, but somehow his skills soon led him to the concertina as a trade, first, apparently, as an aspiring concertina player, then as a repairer, and finally as a maker. White Lion Passage between Harrow Road and Edgware Road in Marylebone —the earliest address on Jeffries instruments—possibly was a site from which Charles Jeffries made brushes before he gravitated to concertinas.
The products of the trade encompassed everything from brushes for floor sweeping to elegant hair brushes and small fine handbrushes for bench work.
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talks about a Wheatstone concertina, part of the Designated music examples of this type of concertina, most of them dating from the late.
Perhaps the most prolific of the London-based concertina makers, the Lachenal company was founded by the Swiss engineer Louis Lachenal, after his years firstly as a craftsman, then as a manager, at the Wheatstone workshops at 20 Conduit Street. A decent survey of Lachenal’s family history and his introduction of mass-production techniques into concertina manufacturing is that of Stephen Chambers , now on concertina.
After around 18 years of concertina manufacture at the Conduit Street workshops, to , the new design of concertina resulting from Louis Lachenal’s new manufacturing processes were announced in Wheatstone’s promotional leaflet of mid , the sole surviving copy of which is now in the Horniman Museum Wayne Collection. The 40 or so Lachenal concertinas in the Collection show the development of his key concertinas based on the designs he had produced whilst at Wheatstones, but the Lachenal factory built up a widespread network of dealers throughout Britain and around the world; we show below a selection of links to some of the dealers’ labels appearing on Lachenal instruments in the Collection.
We list below short summaries of some of the Lachenal instruments in the Collection, including Item C. It was owned by Marie Lachenal , Louis’s daughter, who was a noted performer and promoter of the family’s instruments throughout the s and s. An early appearance of reeds stamped in a tiny font-size with the r eed-frame size-number , corresponding to the number specified on the circular pan-labels.
The instrument has a spurious ” C Wheatstone’s Patent Concertina ” label, at the very top of which, is added in very small lettering ” equal to “! Now since the instrument still has the Louis Lachenal address on each of the pan-labels such address details are almost always excised if the instrument is marketed or re-labelled by a dealer one might assume that this spurious label is of Louis Lachenal origin. Original fine rosewood-veneered case. A degree of recent ” restoration ” has led to the instrument now having a reproduction Louis Lachenal label, new pallets, new valve-flaps to reeds, and a new sub-fret baffle.
The inner action face has the stamp of David J Leese , restorer and repairer, dated Louis Lachenal label, serial number on sub-fret white chamois baffles. Here is a selection of the Dealers’ Labels found on instruments within the Lachenal section of the Concertina Museum Collection:.
The Concertina Museum Collection
In the early s, my father bought a Wheatstone concertina in London. He tells how he visited the factory where it was made to pick one out and recalls the ledger book in which details about the concertinas were recorded. After a recent retelling of this family classic, I was inspired to see what might be online related to concertinas. I was amazed! With fourteen contributing authors , the site includes in depth articles on concertina history , technology , music , research and a wide range of concertina systems.
I particularly appreciate the reasons that Robert Gaskins, site creator, lists for the creation of the site on the about page :.
Dating crabb concertinas – Find a woman in my area! Free to join to The wheatstone concertina – 40 button and i post an e-mail indicating that www. Hohner.
This would appear to be confirmed by John Crabb having sold the lease of his own house, only a few doors away from the manufactory, on 2nd August Sidney Pratten guitarist, concertinist, teacher, friend of Giulio Regondi, and wife of the flautist R. Sidney Pratten on 9th May , though no price was recorded; Wheatstone was one of a consecutively numbered batch of twelve concertinas so all of one model that were sold to Messrs. Thus it would appear, at least from these examples, that both Wheatstone and Lachenal instruments were given the same serial numbers, which implies that there were two separate sequences.
They list English-system trebles with 22, 24, 32, 40, and 48 keys, key baritones, and key Duets. Members of the Lachenal family have told me that Elizabeth Lachenal had Socialist leanings! Thus I would speculate that these are most likely Lachenal Anglo serial numbers, though the instruments would appear to have been labelled C. The known serial numbers for early Lachenal Anglos suggest that they belonged to a separate numbering sequence from the outset.
The lowest-numbered surviving Anglo by them that I am aware of is CMC , with mahogany ends, twenty keys, a simple circle of fretwork with no central motif, such as later instruments had , and numbered buttons, labelled Louis Lachenal. It is the same model as , labelled H.
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Instruments Page. Great Canadian Concertinas 3. The fretwork is not ornamental; it provides the holes from which the sound from the reeds is carried out of the instrument.
A former Wheatstone Tuner, Scates set up sometime around and Co moved to Regent St about , so the latter instrument may be of that date.
It’s for a 6 sided, metal-ended, Wheatstone EC, vintage. It caught my attention because one of my own concertinas is Wheatstone , and the one being advertised on Ebay is serial number is Since I know mine’s listed in the Wheatstone ledgers as having been manufactured in , I was shocked to see one whose serial number is only 70 later than mine being advertised as having been manufactured 9 years later!
HTM confirms that the manufacturing date for was April 5, Was business really so bad that Wheatstone averaged only 8 concertinas per year from to ? If so, it’s no wonder they shut down! Also, the rows in the ledger page seem to be in order of serial number and the dates in the right-hand column are not all in ascending order. Does anyone know what the date in that column was? Was it the date of completion of manufacturing?
The date the concertina was delivered to the buyer? The date the concertina was ordered?